Employment segregation is considered to exist when the distribution of men and women in specific economic sectors is not balanced. Looking at employment fields with the greatest weight (such as health, construction and education), as well as those of major structural importance (ICT, agriculture and the domestic sector), we find gender segregation in many cases. Construction, the primary sector, and ICT are 75% male, while women predominate in similar proportions in the domestic and heath sectors.

In general, horizontal employment segregation means women are concentrated in lower paid sectors and in those which society values less. The sectors where women predominate often represent an extension of the work traditionally done by women in the home: unpaid and with little social recognition.


Observatori iQ

iQ is a cooperative that seeks to contribute to social innovation in favor of gender equality. The cooperative offers the iQ Observatory, a platform that delivers statistical data on the differences and inequalities between men and women in different areas of everyday life in Catalonia. iQ team is made up of professionals with several profiles and is led by the political scientist Maria de la Fuente.